Dunda Handloom Cluster, Uttarkashi

The National Institute for Entrepreneurship & Small Business Development (NIESBUD), R.O is implementing Dunda Handloom Cluster, Uttarkashi under the scheme of Integrated Handloom Development Schemes (IHDS) sponsored by Development Commissioner (Handlooms), Ministry of Textile, Govt. of India, New Delhi. The Dunda is situated under Uttarkashi District of the state of Uttarakhand. It is 16 Km. away from District head quarter, and Uttarkashi 200 km.away from state capital Dehradun. The cluster road is well connected by roads. At present the population of Dunda 3000 out of which 381(Three hundred eighty one) are involved in weaving activity.

Handloom cluster of Dunda (Uttarkashi) in Uttarakhand is a century old traditional craft practiced by inhabitants of the area. The inhabitants of this location did not have any other options but to take up this weaving as an occupation to earn their livelihood. Dunda Cluster area is mostly dominated by Bhotia Community whose principal occupation is weaving and they referred as weaver class in the Society. Most of the weavers in the cluster area do posses an individual unit of handloom in the common households and the family members support the main weaver in all ancillary weaving activities. The weavers of Dunda using to weave for their own consumption by procuring wool from the domestic animals like Sheep and Goat. At present the weavers mostly produce products normally Loi, Shawl, Coat’s bendi, Dumkar, Pagra, Muffler, Kaleen, Chutka, Sweater, Shocks, Gluffs and caps. The present weavers of the Dunda cluster claim to have learned this weaving activity from their ancestors. An unique features of the Dunda cluster is that the weaving activity is practiced here only for six months and rest six months of the year some people is spent selling the products at tourist destinations like Uttarkashi, Gangotri, and Yamunotri, and some people is spent in agriculture at Harsil.

The weavers are using Chair loom and Bageshwari Charkha. The accessories required for this loom are available in local and some mechanical parts are imported from Panipat & Ludiana. Some weavers also arrange assembling of the looms at their village level through local carpenter. In case of repairing of loom requirement, the weavers normally repair their loom by themselves for minor purpose or else take the help of those local carpenters. Carpenters are almost available in villages to take care of loom repairing.

The weavers of Dunda sell their product through Seasional fair at tourist spots like Uttarkashi (MaghMela), Gangortri, Yumunotri, Door to Door hawking, through Distributor, and Fairs and exhibitions.


The Weavers of Dunda produced these types of products:

1 LOI Rs.500-1000
2 SHAWL Rs.500-1000
3 CAOT’S BENDI Rs.1500-3000
4 DUMKAR Rs.2500-3500
5 PAGRA Rs.250-350
6 MUFFLER Rs.200-350
7 KALEEN Rs.3500-5000
8 CHUTKA Rs.1500-2000
9 SWEATER Rs.500-800
10 SHOCKS Rs.100-250
11 GLUFFS Rs.150-250
12 CAP Rs.150-250

The earnings of the weaver is Rs.250- 350 per day. In Dunda raw material easily available in local. These are the main products produced by the cluster Loi, Shawl, Coat’s bendi, Dumkar, Pagra, Muffler, Kaleen, Chutka, Sweater, Shocks, Gluffs and caps. They are selling their products through Seasonal fair at tourist spots like Uttarkashi (Magh Mela), Gangortri, Yumunotri, Door to Door hawking, through Distributor, Fairs and exhibitions. These are the welfare schemes are being implemented by the Govt.of Uttarakhand, which are advantageous to the weavers.

1. Health Insurance Schemes
2. Issuing of Identity Cards
3. Mahatma Gandhi Bheema Bunkar Yojna
4. Integrated Handloom Cluster Development Schemes
5. Handloom export Schemes
6. Work shed cum Housing schemes for Handloom Weavers
7. Weavers Welfare Schemes
The Dunda The Handloom cluster of, Uttarkashi was taken up by institute as implementing agency from 03 August 2008.

After Intervention:-

During the implementation of IHDS scheme at Dunda cluster the various component has taken place in the field of skill development, Marketing and financial.

1. The Thirty Five (35) SHGs were formed of 381 Artisans and Bank Account of Thirty Five (35) SHGs were opened in Punjab national Bank, Veerpur, Dunda.
2. The consortium named Himalayan Handloom and Handicrafts Society was registered under Society Registration act. The account of the consortium is also operative.
3. The weavers of Dunda has participated in Various Buyer seller Meet.
    Buyer Seller Meet at Pared ground, D.dun.
    Buyer Seller Meet at NEDFI Hatt, Assam.
    Buyer Seller Meet at ONGC, Dehradun.
    Buyer Seller Meet at Mussoorie.
4. The weavers were using local sheep wool to make finished product. The institute has opened a yarn depot in Cluster area, now they are procuring those materials and producing quality products.
5. Institute has organized two training on Designing for the weavers. The main objectives are given below:-
    To create awareness about designs
    To create awareness about design patterns
    To create awareness about quality parameter
    To create awareness about colour combination
6. Institute has organized training on Self Help Group's Management for 50 artisans.The main objectives of training are given below:-
    To create awareness about Self Help Groups (SHG)
    To create awareness about Government sponsored schemes for SHG
    To create awareness about Entrepreneurial opportunities for SHG
    To Develop the confidence level of the weavers
    To improve basic management skills ;
7. Institute has organized awareness and exposure visit for Dunda & Mangalore clusters.
    Suwalcoachi, Assam
    Panipat, Haryana
    Kullu, HP
8. Construction of common facility Centre is in progress and Brickwork upto roof level has been completed. RCC roof slap has been casted.

9. Five (5) work sheds has been constructed.

10. A weaver of Dunda has participated in Various Fairs/ Exhibitions.
    National Handloom Expo
    Khadi Mahotsav
    Delhi Hatt
    Indo International Trade Fair
    Khadi Mahakhumbh

11. Institute has organized training on Weaving for 20 artisans. The main objectives of training are given below:-
    To create awareness about weaving opportunities for youth
    To Develop the designing pattern:
    To Improve basic weaving skill ;
    To Develop the pattern of weaving;
    To develop the pattern of colour combination

Conclusion: - After the intervention of the institute, the weavers of Dunda cluster has come to know about their work ability and capacity of their enhanced earning. Their participation in various Exhibition and Buyer Seller Meet has raised their confidence in making quality products and saleable price. Now they are working in an organized and systematic manner. There is a scope for enhancing their skill.